American Red Cross First Aid Exam Study Guide

 

  1. List the correct steps when caring for a victim who is bleeding.
  2. List several techniques to minimize disease transmission when caring for a victim with external bleeding.
  3. List signs and symptoms of a victim suffering from internal bleeding.
  4. Explain how to treat for minor and major external bleeding.
  5. List signs and symptoms of shock.
  6. Explain the general care for a victim of shock.
  7. List steps you should take in checking for burns.
  8. Explain how to treat a chemical burn to the eye.
  9. Define joint, ligament, tendon, strain, sprain, and fracture.
  10. Explain general care for a musculoskeletal injury.
  11. Explain how to splint an extremity that is seriously sprained (elbow, knee).
  12. Explain how to care for a broken wrist or foot that is not anatomically in itís correct position (how should you splint it?)
  13. Explain the correct order for applying a rigid splint to an injured wrist after you have controlled any bleeding.(I gave you several key words to underline in your text)
  14. Why is a pillow the best way to immobilize an ankle or foot injury?
  15. List signs and symptoms of serious head, neck, or back injury.
  16. Define and explain in-line stabilization.
  17. What should you do if you feel some resistance to the movement of in-line stabilization?
  18. Explain proper first aid for a victim with a head, neck, or back injury that is not breathing.
  19. List proper care for a victim of chest, abdomen, or pelvis injury.Should you call EMS first or provide care first?
  20. The signs and symptoms of a pelvic injury are the same as what type of injury?
  21. List the general guidelines for caring for someone with a sudden illness.
  22. Describe the difference in the care you would give to a person who is experiencing insulin shock versus one who is in diabetic coma.
  23. Describe the care you would give for a victim of seizure in a mall.
  24. List the four ways that a poison can enter a personís body.
  25. What questions should you ask for a victim you suspect has swallowed poison?
  26. What should you do for a victim you suspect might have ingested poison?
  27. When should you instruct a victim to vomit (in a poison emergency)?
  28. List signs and symptoms of a mild reaction to a bite or sting.
  29. Describe proper first aid for the removal of a bee stinger.
  30. Describe proper first aid for the removal of an embedded tick from the skin.
  31. Explain the precaution you should take in applying an insect repellent containing DEET to children.
  32. Define designer drug, anabolic steroid, and addiction.
  33. Drug abuse/misuse victims should be treated with the same first aid care as what other victims?
  34. List several ways to prevent the accidental misuse of a medical substance.
  35. List signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion, heat cramps, and heat stroke.
  36. Describe proper first aid for frostbite and hypothermia.
  37. List the bodyís reaction to cold and heat (what happens to blood vessels, shivering, sweating).
  38. Be able to explain when and when not to move a victim from a scene.
  39. Explain why it is important to support a victimís head and spine when moving a victim.
  40. Describe the appropriate methods to move a person with a suspected spinal injury who is face up in the water.
  41. Indicate the best location in which to place a child up to one year of age to check for any signs or symptoms of illness or injury.
  42. Explain why even a small amount of blood loss from a child is an emergency.
  43. Explain proper first aid for heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke.
  44. Indicate the recommended percentage of total calories that should be derived from fat (saturated and unsaturated), protein, and carbohydrate.
  45. Indicate the threshold of blood alcohol concentration sufficient to impair judgment and reflexes.About how many drinks is this equivalent to for a 160-pound person?